Canada is situated at the north end of the American continent. Its location ranges from the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and also north to the Arctic Ocean. It takes up nearly half of the North American territory since it is the 2nd biggest nation after Russia. It borders in the United States to the south, and to the northwest with its federal state Alaska.
It is stated that the area was initially occupied by Inuits. At an archaeological level, there is proof that the very first residents who initially came to Canada, did so by crossing a land bridge that had created between Asia and Alaska over the last Ice Age about 40,000 years back (More on: eTA Canada ).
History demonstrates that the very first European contact the country had has been done because of the exploration created by the Italian John Cabot, who had been cruising following the instructions of King Henry VII of England. In 1497, Cabot ran into the eastern Canadian shoreline and also acquired it for the King. This trip, along with subsequent one in 1498, gave England the justification to locate a large number of the eastern area of ??North America; in fact, they subsequently claimed Newfoundland, Cape Breton and nearby regions based on the exploits of Cabot.
In 1534, the French traveler, Jacques Cartier, was assigned by King Francisco to have a journey in pursuit of the Northwest Passage. The idea of ??the king was to look for wealth such as those they had seen in Inca and Aztec region, in other words, these people were centered on seeking gold above all else, however Cartier just seen “stones and some awful and steep rocks” based on what he stated in his diary.
Cartier continued discovering and landed on the Gaspé Peninsula (Quebec), whose property he acquired for France. French people loved their high-class monopoly for several years, however in 1670 British appeared with the goal of forging a monopoly of the fur trade, that led to a legal argument among those who had on their part the negotiations on territory control. Nevertheless, the balance leaned towardsBritain and also France ceded Canada to the English Crown through theTreaty of Paris in 1763.
After that, the federal government handed down the Constitutional Law of 1791 that separated the place directly into two British colonies identified as Upper Canada (presently southern Ontario) and Lower Canada (presently the southern part of Quebec). Lower Canada maintained French civil laws, but both provinces were governed with the British penal code. Each colony had its assigned ruler and was able to choose its cabinet or executive authorities.
Troubles increased since the authorities and its council were English but led a mostly French assembly, which created political pressure and rebellions. The suggestions of union quickly appeared but it was not till 1840 that they were raised as regulation. Both colonies quickly joined in the province of Canada, ruled by the new Parliament of Canada as being the sole legislative body.
Last but not least, it acquired its self-government in 1867 and its autonomy in 1931, continuing to be a Commonwealth empire. And also, Newfoundland, that was right up until then a domain of the United Kingdom, joined up with Canada in 1949.
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